From The Economist:
China is investigating whether its rigid system for assessing the performance of party leaders and civil servants can be used to tackle pollution.
An elaborate points system that determines the careers of officials is often blamed for many of China’s problems. In their drive to meet targets for economic growth, local mandarins squander money, ride roughshod over citizens and ravish the environment. So now China is trying to devise and embed into its assessment of officials a way of calculating a “green GDP””which allows for environmental costs in national accounts”to help mitigate some of these excesses.
See also China’s economy.