Today, the world is in the midst of a large transformation and restructuring though peace and development are still the main issues of the times. The circumstances of international security have generally been kept stable, but indeterminate causes of instability are increasing. New challenges and new threats are continuously appearing. Traditional and non-traditional security issues have become intertwined. Security threats are increasingly synthesized, diversified, and complex.
At present, China’s security environment is generally positive, with no existing realistic threat of large-scale foreign invasion. However, China’s security environment faces some difficult challenges. These include: the vicious development of the power of the “Taiwan Independence” movement, new changes in armed forces that have led to large differences in the levels of military technology, the risks and challenges brought by the trend towards economic globalization and development, long-term unipolar and multi-polar conflicts, the external and internal interconnected relationship of ‘the three powers’ (translator’s note: ‘the three powers’ refers to separatism, terrorism, and extremism), the increasingly prominent issue of energy security and disputes over rights and interests at sea, as well as the continuous increase of other social factors that could affect stability. All of these things have a very large influence on China’s security.