这是发表在“华尔街日报”2011年12月6日的网络截图 http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204903804577082031108197406.html?mod=googlenews_wsj#articleTabs=article ，以及报纸截图。
我的原文约1500多字，因篇幅，在发表时有删节，故发在博客上。感谢译者 Paul Mooney，他的博客上也转载了这篇文章，及我的原文和原文译文：http://pjmooney.typepad.com/my-blog/
Tibetans Burn for Their Faith and Freedom
By Tsering Woeser
6 December 2011
The Wall Street Journal Online
The Wall Street Journal
Leaving Lhasa for Beijing one month ago, I was relieved to no longer be living under martial law, with soldiers and police everywhere. But for Tibetans the pain follows wherever we go: The news that another Tibetan has set fire to herself arrives.
Thirteen monks and nuns have committed suicide as a protest since 2009. Most distressing of all is the sight of Palden Choetso, a 35-year-old nun, burning herself last month. The video runs no more than three minutes, and as soon as it begins one is surprised. The young woman’s entire body is wrapped in flames, but she stands erect, looking like a burning torch. I covered my face with my hands because the tears flowed like rain.
At first I imagined that she’d actually walked forward from within the flames, at the same time calling out the Dalai Lama’s name. Only after looking more closely did I realize that she had not moved a single step, but was bending from the waist while doing her utmost to stand straight. Meanwhile, the people on the street were screaming, looking on helplessly as the raging fire sapped her strength. When the young nun fell, she still held her hands together devoutly.
I wish I was the girl in the video wearing the Tibetan clothes who never screamed. Instead she proceeded toward Palden Choetso, who was engulfed in flames, and she threw a pure white khata to her as a sign of respect.
The Communist Party does not understand why this is happening. The despots only believe in guns and money. They not only have no faith themselves, they can’t even understand the power of faith to motivate acts of great selflessness.
Tibetans are not so foolish that they value their lives lightly. Rather it is the despots who have ignited the flames that engulfed these monks and nuns by pushing them to the point of desperation.
When a truly great disaster threatens any religion, there will always be a few believers who take the responsibility of becoming a martyr to protect it. During the Cultural Revolution, monks at the Famen Monastery near Xi’an committed self-immolation to stop the Red Guards from destroying their pagoda.
The Chinese cadres and police are in all of the monasteries of Tibet. They were sent by the Party to brainwash all the monks and nuns, make them denounce the Dalai Lama as a demon, and raise their hands to recognize the Communist Party as their savior.
The Chinese government is afraid that Tibetans who sacrifice their lives will inspire the living to resist. But no matter how it tries to hide the self-immolations and distort their meaning, the truth continues to get out. Even in that high elevation, where Tibet stands at the end of a muzzle of a gun, there will always be Tibetans ready and willing to become “burning martyrs.”
Their sacrifice has two meanings, one to protect their beliefs and the other to fight for their freedom. As they died, the burning Tibetans shouted, “Tibet needs to be free!” “Let the Dalai Lama return home!”
Ms. Woeser, a Tibetan poet, writer and blogger, lives in Beijing. This article was translated from the Chinese by Paul Mooney.
The First Burns Eternal
On November 3, 2011, a 35 year-old nun set herself on fire in eastern Tibet. She was the 12th Tibetan to commit self-immolation in Tibet since 2009: 10 men and two women. All of them were wearing the deep red robes of the Tibetan Buddhist clergy, except for two of them, who had been expelled from the monastery by cadres who had invaded their monasteries, and who had no choice but to die wearing the sheepskin jackets of herdsmen. In raging flames, six people sacrificed their lives in burning flames, and another five were dragged away by the police or military; one remains in a monastery, but is on the verge of death.
Did you know that nowadays the shadows of cadres and police are in all of the monasteries of Tibet? These people were sent to the monasteries by the Party and their job is to brainwash all the monks and nuns, make them denounce the Dalai Lama as a demon, and raise their hands to recognize the Communist Party as their Pusa.
One week ago, a video appeared on YouTube and other web sites with footage of the self-immolation of Palden Choetso.
I hesitated for a very long time, not daring to click on the video. Previous photographs and videos floated in front of my eyes, all images of monks and nuns on the streets and grasslands of Tibet enveloped in flames or even scorched by the fire. They were all local Tibetans who had given their lives to make the truth known, to let the world see what’s happening in Tibet. The images were too horrible to look at.
One month ago I left a Lhasa densely covered in soldiers and police to return to a Beijing shrouded in pollution. While the natural environment is worsening in Beijing, the political climate is warmer than Lhasa, and it’s relaxed enough for me to rest my slightly taut nerves. But then came the news of the 11th Tibetan to set fire to herself, totally smashing the mask of Beijing’s flourishing age. The person was 20-year-old Tenzin Wangmo, a young woman who went from a herder’s home to a convent. She left behind just one photograph of her scorched body.
The video of Palden Choetso’s suicide runs no more than three minutes, but as soon as it begins one is surprised. The young woman’s entire body wrapped in flames, but she stands up erect on the street, looking exactly like a burning torch …. I covered my face with my two hands because my tears flowed like rain.
Palden Choetso, who is just 10 years younger than me, was burned alive. It was not metal or a stone, but a person with flesh and blood and bones, and it was enough to make the most hard-hearted tremble with fear.
My eyes were blurred with tears. At first I imagined that she’d actually walked forward from within the flames, at the same time calling out the Dalai Lama’s name. Only after looking more closely did I realize that she’d not moved a single step, but was in fact standing erect, at once bending from the waist, but also doing her utmost to stand up straight. Meanwhile, the people on the street were screaming, looking on helplessly as the raging fire knocked her down to the ground. In the photos that have been distributed, when the young nun fell down to the ground, her face staring up, her handsamazingly still held together devoutly.
I wish I was that girl in the video wearing the Tibetan clothes. She never screamed, but instead proceeded toward Palden Choetso, who was engulfed in flames, and she threw a pure white khata to her as a sign of respect.
There are some who say they don’t understand why this is happening. But these words have not come from the mouths of the Party. The opposite. They come from sympathetic Tibetans themselves, as well as from abused Chinese rights defenders.
Could it be that Tibetans are so foolish that they have no good sense and treat their lives so lightly that they would see self-immolation as some sort of game? You should know that it’s the despots who have ignited the flames that engulfed these monks and nuns.
These despots only believe in guns, only believe in money. They have no faith, they don’t even believe that there are people in this world who will burn themselves for their faith. These despots think all people are like themselves, that if you have guns and money you can handle any problem. And so they fabricate venomous lies that “the Dalai has used money to buy these corpses.”
In reality, regardless of whether we’re talking about a Buddhist or the follower of any religion, every time a disaster or catastrophe is about to happen, there will always be people who will dare to take the responsibility of becoming a religious martyr to protect their religion. Even in modern China, there were monks at the Famen Monastery during the Cultural Revolution who committed self-immolation to stop the Red Guards from destroying their pagoda. The Tibetan sacrifice has two meanings, one to protect their beliefs and the other to fight for their freedom.
It seems that the Tibetans who committed self-immolation will soon become just numbers.
Between the first and the second suicides, there was a two year period. From the second to the 12th, there was a span of just eight months. Even more suddenly came the 12th, in just the short space of more than 70 days.
These are not just cold numbers. But in another two years it could it be that these 11 people who committed suicide will become relegated to zero, as if they never even existed?
By that time it will already be too late for people to distinguish between right and wrong, and it will be too late to see clearly that the Chinese government is not afraid of Tibetans who have sacrificed their lives, but that it’s much more afraid of ones who are alive. And by that time, it may also be too late to count how many people actually committed self-immolation. But in that high elevation, where Tibet stands at the end of a muzzle of a gun, once again there will be Tibetans who are ready and willing to become “burning martyrs.”
Did you hear this? Did you hear what the burning Tibetans shouted? “Tibet needs to be free!” “Let the Dalai Lama return home!” Do you think that this is asking too much?
After I finished writing this article, news came that another Tibetan had self-immolated. He was the 13th one to commit suicide in Tibet by setting fire to himself.