中文报道一: 香港《苹果日报》

         英国《每日邮报》点出中国十大「黑领」,包括现任河北省省长的中国商飞公司前董事长张庆伟、中国移动通讯公司董事长王建宙、中国政治局常委周永康等。 中国认为黑领阶层相对于白领,他们的衣服多是黑的,汽车是黑的,脸色是黑的,他们的收入、生活、工作都是隐蔽的,但却控制中国的经济、社会命脉。

「黑领阶级」在中国是一个被新命名的群体,指的是就职于中国政府部门或国有垄断企业,且具有较高经济和政治地位的人。 他们在经济上的特征是能够分享来自于公职权力或者垄断企业的经济利益。 而黑领子女的就业常依靠其父辈的庇荫。

准备接管西方企业

《每日邮报》报导,这些「黑领」菁英​​所拥有的企业朝代经过数十年的统治愈加稳固。 这些「黑领」的权力现在也扩及中国军方及省的领导、以及政府部长等。 他们控制中国的大多数经济,其背后隐藏贪污及既得利益。 而当其他国家正逐渐走向破产边缘之际,这些老板们正以势如破竹之姿准备接管西方企业。

中国移动董座入列

报导并点出中国十大黑领,除了张庆伟、王建宙、周永康外,还有中国电力投资集团董事长李小琳(中国前总理李鹏之女)、现任福建省省长的中国石油化工公司前总经理苏树林、中国开发银行行长陈元(已故中共元老陈云之子)、中国银行及中银香港董事长肖钢、中国证监会主席郭树清、中国第一汽车集团公司总经理兼吉林副省长竺延风及中国兵器工业集团公司总经理张国清。

 中文报道二: 新唐人

        除了〝白领〞、〝蓝领〞,中国近年来还兴起〝黑领〞。人们对中国〝黑领〞的描述是:衣服是黑色的,汽车是黑色的,脸是黑色的,收入是隐蔽的,生活是隐蔽的,工作也是隐蔽的…..他们又控制着全国经济及社会命脉。香港中文大学教授郎咸平则把这个群体称为中国〝最无耻的群体〞。近日美国智库布鲁金斯研究所( Brookings Institution),列出十名被认为是最有势力的中国黑领。

《苹果日报》援引英国《每日邮报》报导指出,美国智库布鲁金斯研究所近日列出的中国黑领控制着大陆民众生活的每一环,金融业亦是黑领族的集中地,他们不但控制着民众的财产,部份更控制着政府在海外的资产;曾任中石油集团总经理、公安部长的中共中央政治局常委周永康、负责生产武器的中国兵器工业集团总经理张国清等亦是黑领的代表人物。

美国智库布鲁金斯研究所列出的十名中国黑领包括:

张庆伟:河北省省长、原中国商用飞机董事长;
王建宙:中国移动董事长;
:中国电力董事长;
:中共中央政治局常委、中央政法委书记;
苏树林:福建省省长、原中石化集团总经理;
陈元:国家开发银行董事;
肖钢:中国银行及中银香港董事长;
郭树清:中国证监会主席;
竺延风:吉林省委常委、前一汽集团总经理;
张国清:中国兵器工业集团总经理。

朗咸平批中国黑领是最无耻的群体

香港中文大学教授郎咸平此前曾写过一篇〝中国黑领,一个最无耻的群体〞文章,在网际网路被网友们广泛转载,文中这样描述中国黑领的:

他们的衣服是黑色的,汽车是黑色的,脸色是黑色的。他们的收入是隐蔽的,生活是隐蔽的,工作是隐蔽的……所谓隐蔽,就是像站在黑夜里的黑衣人,你知道他在,他也知道他在,但你不知道他什么样,在做什么。他们就是就职于政府和官有垄断企业的那个庞大群体。这种所谓的〝黑领〞在全国约有2000万以上。

他们开着〝自己的〞大排量名牌汽车,出入高档酒楼,高级夜总会,乘坐头等舱或软卧,住星级宾馆,拥有黄金位置的几处豪宅,购全套红木家具,在位置最好、景观最佳,装修最豪华、质量最安全的办公楼上班,独立办公室,不打卡,饭局,会面,喝茅台五粮液,品天价普洱,抽极品中华,精装《毛评二十四史》,VIP,炒股投资保险理财,收藏古玩字画珠宝黄金,高级会所,劳力士,路易威登,奢侈品,国际顶级品牌服饰,高尔夫,公派出国,移民,护照,拉斯维加斯,美容减肥按摩,组织体检,疗养,免费医疗,贵族学校,MBO,脱产学习,党校,傭人,情人,养藏獒,带薪假…

他们通过土地财政和垄断政治权力,官方组织一步步通过各种手段将社会财富向自己手中集中。不仅以重税和重复收费罚款的方式,从横向上苛刻聚敛社会财富,而且以资源浪费和环境污染等方式,从纵向上大肆透支谋夺子孙后代赖以生存的根基。官有经济在垄断的无竞争市场所向披靡,源源不断的暴利如滚滚长江。他们消耗了至少一半以上的中国国民收入。他们的崛起,构成了中国新二元社会的显赫一极。

郎咸平的文章最后指出,在全社会的羡慕、嫉妒和仇视之中,黑领阶层一方面继续低调的巩固其社会地位(政治地位和经济地位),另一方面在完成原始积累后,他们开始悄然向新大陆挺进——携款外逃,或者投资移民,实现自己正式加入世界发达国家高级人类的梦想,同时也使自己的后代永远彻底的摆脱水深火热的中国。

英文报道原文:

China’s ‘black collar class’ unmasked: The ten most powerful business chiefs who are poised to take over the world – http://www.dailymail.co.uk, 29th January 2012

By Rick Dewsbury
Last updated at 7:44 PM on 29th January 2012

They’re known as the ‘black collar class’.

They dress in dark suits, drive black limousines and have rumoured links to ‘black societies’ from the underworld.

Until now these shadowy mandarins leading the charge of China’s thundering economy have remained hidden.

But after a groundbreaking report, the ten most powerful bosses behind China’s terrifying brand of state capitalism have been unmasked.

They include business dynasties that have ruled firms for decades, according to reports from the Brookings Institution, specialist Chinese publications and the Sunday Times.

These ‘red dragons’ are now set to become as powerful as the Chinese military, provincial leaders and government ministers.

Between them they control the majority of the Chinese economy, where corruption and vested interests are hidden behind a cloak of secrecy.

And with the rest of the world teetering on bankruptcy, these unstoppable bosses are poised to take take over a string of Western companies.

It’s a thundering assault on the rest of the world from a country that controls virtually every aspect of its citizens lives.

These are the ten most powerful members of the ‘black collar’ elite driving China’s alarming expansion.

Zhang Qingwei

Qingwei was the former boss of the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China (Comac).

 Under his leadership the company has fought to wrestle back control of the Chinese skies from Boeing and Airbus.

The communist state has little time for dependance on foreign companies, and has battled to create a fleet of planes that will compete for passengers.

In a sign of his influence and power, Qingwei has been singled out as the state entrepreneur most likely to win political office. He has begun that march up the communist party, with an appointment as a provincial governor.

Wang Jianzhou

Anybody who has used a mobile phone in China will have used Jianzhou’s company – China Mobile. The mobile phone network is the largest and most powerful in the world, with an estimated 650million subscribers.

In its aggressive spread across the globe, China mobile has even provided reception for  one of the hardest places on earth to reach – Mount Everest. The firm has 230,000 employees and is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and Hong Kong Stock Exchange.

Despite the staggering wealth and power of China Mobile, it has received repeated criticism over its charges. Critics have claimed that half of its profits came from cynical fees for services that are free in many countries, where market competition and democratic government would have banned them.

Li Xiaolin

With her delicate features, short hair and red lipstick, Li Xiaolin could be any other Chinese housewife.

But Xiaolin is in fact one of the most powerful women in China.

Xiaolin comes from the Li Family, a dynasty that ‘controls all electric power interests’, according to U.S. diplomatic cables.

Her hardline father Li Peng has stepped down as boss of China Power International Development, but the company is run by Xiaolin and her brother Xiaopeng, a vice governor of Shanxi province.

The pair ‘exercise tremendous power and influence in China’s electric power industry’. Both are tipper to rise prominently within the regime.

Zhou Yongkang

As security minister for the Politburo, Yongkang is tasked with the protection of the state  – a broad job that few westerners actually know what it involves.

Yongkang may be coming to the end of his term in office, but his power and influence still stretches far and wide.

Yongkang was boss of the China National Petroleum Corporation, and is understood to have made 14 visits to Sudan in trips that are likely to have been centred around oil production.

According to a diplomatic cable released by Wikileaks, ‘Yongkang and his associates controlled the oil interests’ of China.

The turbo-charged expansion of China’s economy has rested on a cheap supply of oil, and that’s largely down to Yongkan’s oil deals.

Su Shulin

One of China's youngest mandarins, Shulin began his rise to power as boss of Sinopec (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation Limited ), the top-ranking company in the Fortune Global 500.

The chemicals firm is a subsidiary of the state-owned Sinopec Group.

Within China its path to power has been smoothed by the communist party.

But in the rest of the world Sinopec has been heavily criticised for an appalling record of environmental damage. Primatology professor Christophe Boesch criticised Sinopec’s use of dynamite in Gabon in 2004, noting that it might drive native Gorillas deeper into the jungle, where they would be outside legal restrictions on hunting.

Shulin has since left Sinopec and is regarded affectionately by state media.

He has recently been given a role as a provincial governor and is thought of as being among the ‘sixth generation’ of national leaders.

Chen Yuan

A banker who is still regarded as a young newcomer, largely due to the powerful shadow cast by his father.

Yuan is the son of Chen Yuan, one of the powerful figures who urged the brutal suppression of protests in Tiananmen Square in 1989.

The treatment of students at the protests sparked a global outcry, as still leaves a stain a on China’s appalling human rights record.

Residents were protesting at economic reforms being implemented to transform China into a ‘socialist market economy’, the catalyst for the country’s rise to economic power.

In a sign of just how removed from Western values China is, Yuan Senior was lauded within the country for his role in the brutal treatment of citizens.

Worryingly, his son is set to regain influence when vice-president Xi Jinping succeeds Hu Jintao as the nation’s leader.

Xiao Gang

Gang is one of the young generation of officials making their rise to power through China’s institutions.

He is currently chairman of the board of directors of Bank of China Limited and Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited. Gang is even more powerful than the bank’s president – a sign of his ambition and power.

Gang also has control over a limited number of foreign investments in the bank. Coming from the People’s Bank of China, his business philosophy is centered on the strength of the state and he is unlikely to lead open the country up to foreign competition and scrutiny as some critics would like.

Gang’s rise to prominence at such a young age suggests that he is destined for one of the coveted positions within the system.

Guo Shuqing

One of the few Chinese mandarins to have received an education in England.

Shuqing went from a hardline Marxism-Lenninism faculty to Oxford University.

Upon returning to China, he began his career at the central bank, became a governor of a province and was then given a prominent position at the State Administration of Foreign Exchange.

In a career that mirrors those of many other Chinese star mandarins, Shuqing was eventually given a position in a commercial lender, where he was sure to keep state influence over foreign investors.

Shuqing is currently China’s top security regulator, though few people outside of the small elite know what the intimidating role involves.

Zhu Yanfeng

Yanfeng ensured his popularity among ordinary Chinese people by saying that every family should own a car.

But that’s not a surprising statement to come from someone who led one of China’s older carmakers, First Automobile Works, as Yanfeng did.

The grandson of renowned meteorologist Chu Coching, Yanfeng began his career in engineering.

He is the current president of China FAW Group Corporation, and in a sign that he is being primed for a top job within the regime, has been made a provincial vice-governor.

The Chinese economic expansion has been fueled by better transport, and a large part of that is down to Yanfen’s drive for profits.

Zhang Guoqing

Guoqing is one of China’s ‘masters of war’.

He has spent his career at the country’s largest arms maker, China North Industries Corporation (Norinco), and attended Harvard Business School.

He is now one of the most powerful figures within China’s military-industrial complex, supplying arms around the world.

Norinco has ran into controversy with the west. Its ammunition was blocked during the Clinton Administration in 1993 after concerns about their use by criminals in inner cities. Employees were put under investigation in 1994 by the CIA.

In August 2003, the Bush Administration imposed sanctions on Norinco for allegedly selling missile-related goods to Iran.

There have also been controversies around  a transport system to Pakistan and links with arms sales to Colonel Gaddafi in Libya.

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