唯色 | 《外交政策》发布我父亲的西藏文革照片15张
编辑以“When Tibet Loved China”为题介绍了这15张照片，不过学者Dibyesh Anand在脸书上对这个标题有异议：“inappropriate headline but amazing/painful/interesting pictures of Chinese occupied Tibet during Cultural Revolution”，“As we know, the headline is not totally incorrect because a number of Tibetans did get caught in the mad excitement of cultural revolution.”
In the wake of the Great Leap Forward, a failed crop-production campaign that led to the death of tens of millions of people between 1958 and 1961, Chairman Mao Zedong retreated, and spent the next five years licking his wounds and plotting revenge against the cadres who had criticized his policies. When he returned to the national stage in 1966, it was to launch the decade-long Cultural Revolution, in which he managed to convince the whole nation to replace right and wrong with pro- and anti-Mao (some things that were anti-Mao: tradition, religion, elders). The campaign convulsed the entire nation, from Beijing to Shanghai and even to the Tibetan capital of Lhasa, conquered (or, as Beijing says, “liberated”) in 1950.
Today, Tibet is once again in flames, literally: nearly 100 Tibetans have self-immolated since 2009, protesting against Chinese rule. This installment ofFP‘s Once Upon a Time series shows the Land of Snows from a long-forgotten period, when Tibet’s enemy wasn’t China, but itself.
Tibetans burn Buddhist holy scriptures. It’s unclear, says Woeser, who are the fire-starters and who are the onlookers.
“Struggle sessions” featured a crowd criticizing an individual for behavior that was seen as going against Mao or his teachings. In this photo, Tibetans denounce 26-year-old Samding Dorje Pakmo, at that time Tibet’s most famous female living Buddha, in her courtyard.
Men drag the monk Rempu Rimpoche through the streets of Lhasa. After the Cultural Revolution ended in 1976, Rempu fled to India. In 2006, Woeser confirmed that the then-80-year-old monk was still alive, and living in New York.
Mass meetings extolling Mao and the virtues of the Cultural Revolution took place nearly every day.
Students called themselves “Red Guards”– defenders of Mao's revolutionary thought. The sign reads “Tibet Autonomous Region < > Red Guard Rebel Main Headquarters.” The serfs line references a 1959 Mao poem about heroes and sacrifice.
This photo, the cover of the book, shows children standing under a sign in front of a temple that reads, “We want to be the masters of a new world.”
Woeser doesn’t know who painted the sign, or what kind of work the young children carrying shovels were being sent to do. The sign reads: “Firmly cut out the Dalai [Lama], the main source of this fedualistic, serf-owning class!”
In this photo, Red Guards carry slogans, one of which says in Tibetan: “Turn every store, every residential community, into a garrison for propagating Mao Zedong thought!”