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文字狱

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文字狱,是中國專制統治者對文人的一種政治迫害,《漢語大詞典》定義為「舊時謂統治者為迫害知識份子,故意從其著作中摘取字句,羅織成罪」,較大規模的文字獄甚至可以牽連千、萬人受害。清人龚自珍诗云:“避席畏闻文字狱,著书只为稻粱谋。”杨凤城等認為文字狱是“文化现象”。 《中國大百科全書》則定義為「明清時因文字犯禁或藉文字羅織罪名清除異己而設置的刑獄。(维基百科文字獄)

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