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钓鱼执法 (diào yú zhí fǎ): entrapment (literally: fish, then enforce the law)
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<h3>''diàoyú zhífǎ'' 钓鱼执法</h3>
  
Entrapment is when a law enforcement agent induces a person to commit an offense which the person would otherwise have been unlikely to commit.
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[[File:CCTV.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''"So many fishhooks!" the car thinks. (source unknown)'']]
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[[File:entrapment2.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''[http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2009/09/driver-violently-arrested-fined-for-helping-stranger/ "Ow, my stomach. Can you take me to the hospital? I'll pay you."] (source unknown)'']]
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The inducing of a person to commit an offense they otherwise would not have by law enforcement; literally "enforce the law by fishing."
  
Perhaps the most well known entrapment case in China is the case of Sun Zhongjie in Shanghai. Sun picked up someone asking for a ride. Though Sun did not request it, the man gave Sun money when he reached his destination. The man then revealed his identity as an under-cover police officer and detained Sun for driving an unlicensed taxi. Sun's conviction was overturned after an outpouring of internet pressure (see [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2009/11/black-taxi-entrapment-scandal/ here]).
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Perhaps the [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2009/11/black-taxi-entrapment-scandal/ best known example of entrapment in China is the case of Sun Zhongjie] in 2009. A new driver for a Shanghai construction company, Sun was stopped by a man on the side of the road, shivering in the cold. The man asked for a ride, and Sun complied. Though Sun did not request it, the man handed Sun money when he reached his destination. Next, the man revealed his identity as an undercover police officer and detained Sun for driving an [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/black-taxis/ unlicensed taxi]. Sun's conviction was overturned after netizens let loose a torrent of discontent.
  
For a discussion of other famous entrapment incidents in China, see [http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh/%E9%92%93%E9%B1%BC%E6%89%A7%E6%B3%95 here] (Chinese).
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The Sun Zhongjie case is parodied in the video "[http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2010/01/video-%E2%80%9C%E7%BD%91%E7%98%BE%E6%88%98%E4%BA%89-war-of-internet-addiction%E2%80%9D/ War of Internet Addiction]."
  
The Sun Zhongjie case is parodied in the "[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_Internet_Addiction War of Internet Addiction]."
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A nearly identical case, dubbed "[http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2009/09/driver-violently-arrested-fined-for-helping-stranger/ Fishing Gate]", occurred a month earlier in Shanghai.
  
钓鱼执法和正当防卫等一样,都是当事人无罪免责的理由。从法理上分析,当事人原本没有违法意图,在执法人员的引诱之下,才从事了违法活动,国家当然不应该惩罚这种行为。这种行为如果运用不当将致人犯罪,诱发严重社会问题。钓鱼执法是政德摧毁道德的必然表现。
 
  
[[File:CCTV.jpg|500px|thumb|center]]
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'''Example:'''
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<blockquote>''Wugou'' (@吴钩): Survey: 1. [[be johnned|Soliciting a prostitute as a result of '''entrapment''']]; 2. [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2015/04/drawing-the-news-bi-fujians-last-supper/ having your private dinner conversation uploaded to the Internet] and turned into fodder for gossip. Question: Which of these are you more afraid of, given that you can only select one of the two options? (April 9, 2015)</blockquote>
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<blockquote> 小调查:1、被人设局被嫖娼,'''钓鱼执法'''。2、酒席上的私议被人传上网络,被陷入舆论旋涡。请问,哪种更让你感到恐惧、恐怖?设定只可二选一。[[https://freeweibo.com/weibo/3829710032975167 '''Chinese''']]</blockquote>
  
[[File:entrapment2.jpg|500px|thumb|center]]
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[[Category: Lexicon]][[Category:Rule and Law]]
 
 
[[File:entrapment3.jpg|500px|thumb|center]]
 
 
 
[[File:entrapment4.jpg|500px|thumb|center]]
 
 
 
[[Category: Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]]
 

Latest revision as of 19:23, 22 January 2021

diàoyú zhífǎ 钓鱼执法

"So many fishhooks!" the car thinks. (source unknown)

The inducing of a person to commit an offense they otherwise would not have by law enforcement; literally "enforce the law by fishing."

Perhaps the best known example of entrapment in China is the case of Sun Zhongjie in 2009. A new driver for a Shanghai construction company, Sun was stopped by a man on the side of the road, shivering in the cold. The man asked for a ride, and Sun complied. Though Sun did not request it, the man handed Sun money when he reached his destination. Next, the man revealed his identity as an undercover police officer and detained Sun for driving an unlicensed taxi. Sun's conviction was overturned after netizens let loose a torrent of discontent.

The Sun Zhongjie case is parodied in the video "War of Internet Addiction."

A nearly identical case, dubbed "Fishing Gate", occurred a month earlier in Shanghai.


Example:

Wugou (@吴钩): Survey: 1. Soliciting a prostitute as a result of entrapment; 2. having your private dinner conversation uploaded to the Internet and turned into fodder for gossip. Question: Which of these are you more afraid of, given that you can only select one of the two options? (April 9, 2015)

小调查:1、被人设局被嫖娼,钓鱼执法。2、酒席上的私议被人传上网络,被陷入舆论旋涡。请问,哪种更让你感到恐惧、恐怖?设定只可二选一。[Chinese]