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钓鱼执法 (diào yú zhí fǎ): entrapment (literally: fish, then enforce the law)

Entrapment is when a law enforcement agent induces a person to commit an offense which the person would otherwise have been unlikely to commit.

Perhaps the best known case of entrapment in China is that of Sun Zhongjie. A new driver for a Shanghai construction company, Sun was stopped by a man on the side of the road, shivering in the weather. The man asked for a ride, and Sun complied. Though he did not request it, the man handed Sun money when he reached his destination. Next, the man revealed his identity as an under-cover police officer and detained Sun for driving an unlicensed taxi. Sun's conviction was overturned after an outpouring of Internet pressure.

The Sun Zhongjie case is parodied in the "War of Internet Addiction."

[[File:CCTV.jpg|250px|thumb|right]The heading text reads “Enforcing the law by fishing,” and the caption below]