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合鞋 (hé xié) fitting shoe [[File:rebelpeppershoe.jpg|300px|thumb|right|“Follow my watch swinging back and forth. Soon you will be able to put on this shoe.” (Rebel Pepper)]]
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<h3>''hé xié'' 合鞋</h3>
  
"Fitting shoe" (合鞋 hé xié), [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/space/River_crab yet another] homonym for "[[harmonious]]" (和谐 héxié), has its roots in a speech delivered by President Xi Jinping that met much netizen ridicule.
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[[File:rebelpeppershoe.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''"Follow the watch. Soon you will be able to wear this shoe." (Artist: Rebel Pepper 变态辣椒)'']]
  
While [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/xi-and-putin-talk-bilateralism-and-energy/ on his first trip abroad as China's president], Xi Jinping delivered a speech at Moscow State Institute of International Relations on March 23, 2013. In [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HgIdvlSOBhA his speech] [zh] [http://www.gov.cn/ldhd/2013-03/24/content_2360829.htm (transcript)] [zh], Xi [https://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/xi-jinping-calls-for-cooperation-on-visit-to-moscow/ called for cooperation between Russia and China], emphasizing the two nations' shared interests in peace and stability. Xi also countered international criticism of other nation's developmental paths with the following words:
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Homonym for [[harmonious]] (''héxié'' 和谐) and [[river crab]] (''héxiè'' 河蟹); derived from a speech Xi Jinping delivered in 2013 in which he compared different countries' "paths to development" to different sizes of shoes—tailored to that country, not one-size-fits-all.
  
<blockquote> “Only the wearer of a shoe will know whether or not that shoe fits his foot." Whether the path a country takes towards development is suitable or not, only the people of that country have the right to decide.</blockquote>
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On his first trip abroad as China's president, Xi Jinping delivered a speech at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations on March 23, 2013. Xi [https://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/xi-jinping-calls-for-cooperation-on-visit-to-moscow/ called for cooperation between Russia and China], emphasizing the two nations' shared interests in peace and stability and '''[http://theory.people.com.cn/n/2014/1125/c390916-26091834.html countering international criticism of China's "developmental path"]''':
  
<blockquote>“鞋子合不合脚,自己穿了才知道”。一个国家的发展道路合不合适,只有这个国家的人民才最有发言权。</blockquote>
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<blockquote>We maintain that every country and its people ought to be respected. We must insist that countries are treated equally, regardless of size, might, and wealth. We must respect the right of each country's people to choose their own developmental path. We must oppose interfering in the internal affairs of other countries, and defend international impartiality and justice. "Only the wearer knows if the shoe fits." As for whether a country's developmental path fits, only the people of that country have the right to say.</blockquote>
  
Netizens quickly took Xi to task for his words, drawing attention to the fact that they—the people of China—had little say in their country's path towards development. [https://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/bbc-netizens-on-xis-if-the-shoe-fits-speech/ China Digital Times translated] netizen comments [http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/simp/china/2013/03/130323_xi_speech_weibo.shtml from an article by BBC Chinese]:
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<blockquote>我们主张,各国和各国人民应该共同享受尊严。要坚持国家不分大小、强弱、贫富一律平等,尊重各国人民自主选择发展道路的权利,反对干涉别国内政,维护国际公平正义。“鞋子合不合脚,自己穿了才知道。”一个国家的发展道路合不合适,只有这个国家的人民才最有发言权。['''[http://theory.people.com.cn/n/2014/1125/c390916-26091834.html Chinese]''']</blockquote>
  
<blockquote> On Tencent Weibo, user @叶海波 says, “If a country’s people lack freedom of speech, is speaking of shoes fitting their feet not a bit extravagant?”</blockquote>
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On Weibo, [https://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/bbc-netizens-on-xis-if-the-shoe-fits-speech/ netizens quickly took Xi to task], noting that they have little say in China's development. No matter how small or uncomfortable the "shoe," ordinary Chinese can't ask for one that truly fits. Commentator [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/wuyue-sanren/ Wuyue Sanren] wrote:
  
<blockquote> 在腾讯微博上,网友“叶海波”说,“一国人民连说话都缺乏自由,谈鞋子合脚是不是过于奢侈了。”</blockquote>
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<blockquote>''Wuyuesanren'' (@五岳散人): My take on the shoe-and-foot question: Whoever buys the shoes has the last word. The common people pay taxes, so they have the right to say whether or not the shoe fits, as well as the style they want. A well-chosen pair of shoes also comes with a warranty and the privilege to exchange or return the items. The shoes themselves don't have the qualifications to say whether they fit or not. Shoes that do aren't shoes, they're shackles.</blockquote>
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<blockquote>关于鞋与脚的问题我是这么想的:谁花钱买鞋谁说了算,老百姓纳税了,有权表达鞋是不是合脚,以及鞋子的款式。选好了鞋子还要有三包服务,也要有退换货的权利。鞋子本身没有说自己是不是合脚的资格,有这个资格的不是鞋子,往往都是脚镣 (March 25, 2013) ['''[http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/wuyue-sanren-reacts-to-xi-jinpings-shoe-comment/ Chinese]''']</blockquote>
  
<blockquote> Netizen @施济 thinks, “If the shoe doesn’t fit but is worn continually, this leads to the most suffering.”</blockquote>
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[http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/bbc-netizens-on-xis-if-the-shoe-fits-speech/#shoe Photoshopped images] and [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/wuyue-sanren-reacts-to-xi-jinpings-shoe-comment/ cartoons] of tattered shoes appeared on Weibo and other social media sites soon after the speech.
<blockquote> 署名“施济”的网友则认为,“不合脚的鞋子,还要坚持穿,这才是最痛苦的。”</blockquote>
 
  
<blockquote> User @梧桐老廖 quips, “You let your family wear comfortable shoes, while compelling ours to wear worn-out shoes of the wrong size.”</blockquote>
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Over time, "fitting shoe" has been verbalized to "shoe-fit," an alternate writing of "harmonize," itself a euphemism for censorship. For instance, a photo of an income receipt for a retired cadre is accompanied by these words:
<blockquote>至于网友“梧桐老廖”更批评说,“你让你的家属在那边穿合脚舒适的好鞋子,却强迫我们穿不合脚的破鞋。”。</blockquote>
 
  
<blockquote>@天黑不白 raises a question, “But how will they know if this country’s people feel the shoe fits or not?”</blockquote>
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<blockquote>''JohnnieWalker_qiangneiban'' (@JohnnieWalker_墙内版): #FromG+ From Weibo. It's already '''been shoe-fitted'''.</blockquote>
<blockquote>一位网友“天黑不白”则提出问题说,“可是他怎么知道:这个国家的人民觉得鞋子合适呢?”</blockquote>
 
  
<blockquote>User @窈窕老淑女 wonders, “You want try a new pair of shoes to see if they fit? Anyway, everyone’s current shoes are chafing their feet.”</blockquote>
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<blockquote>#FromG+# 来自微博,已'''被合鞋'''。(August 20, 2015) ['''[http://weibo.com/1060351524/CwHari91R Chinese]''']</blockquote>
<blockquote>网友“窈窕老淑女”则问道,“想穿一下新鞋试一试?看看合不合脚?反正全国人民觉得现在的鞋子很咯脚。”</blockquote>
 
  
Blogger [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/wuyue-sanren/ Wuyue Sanren] posted the following soon-to-be deleted comment to his Sina Weibo microgblog:
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See also [[river crab]].
<blockquote>[http://www.weibo.com/wysr2007?sudaref=chinadigitaltimes.net @五岳散人]: My take on the shoe-and-foot question: Whoever buys the shoes has the last word. The common people pay taxes, so they have the right to say whether or not the shoe fits, as well as the style they want. A well-chosen pair of shoes also comes with a warranty and the privilege to exchange or return the items. The shoes themselves don’t have the qualifications to say whether they fit or not. Shoes that do aren’t shoes, they’re shackles.</blockquote>
 
<blockquote>@五岳散人:关于鞋与脚的问题我是这么想的:谁花钱买鞋谁说了算,老百姓纳税了,有权表达鞋是不是合脚,以及鞋子的款式。选好了鞋子还要有三包服务,也要有退换货的权利。鞋子本身没有说自己是不是合脚的资格,有这个资格的不是鞋子,往往都是脚镣</blockquote>
 
  
<feed url="feed://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/Xi-Jinping/feed/" entries="5">
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[[Category:Lexicon]][[Category:Censorship and Propaganda]]
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[[Category: Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]]
 

Latest revision as of 19:29, 22 January 2021

hé xié 合鞋

"Follow the watch. Soon you will be able to wear this shoe." (Artist: Rebel Pepper 变态辣椒)

Homonym for harmonious (héxié 和谐) and river crab (héxiè 河蟹); derived from a speech Xi Jinping delivered in 2013 in which he compared different countries' "paths to development" to different sizes of shoes—tailored to that country, not one-size-fits-all.

On his first trip abroad as China's president, Xi Jinping delivered a speech at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations on March 23, 2013. Xi called for cooperation between Russia and China, emphasizing the two nations' shared interests in peace and stability and countering international criticism of China's "developmental path":

We maintain that every country and its people ought to be respected. We must insist that countries are treated equally, regardless of size, might, and wealth. We must respect the right of each country's people to choose their own developmental path. We must oppose interfering in the internal affairs of other countries, and defend international impartiality and justice. "Only the wearer knows if the shoe fits." As for whether a country's developmental path fits, only the people of that country have the right to say.

我们主张,各国和各国人民应该共同享受尊严。要坚持国家不分大小、强弱、贫富一律平等,尊重各国人民自主选择发展道路的权利,反对干涉别国内政,维护国际公平正义。“鞋子合不合脚,自己穿了才知道。”一个国家的发展道路合不合适,只有这个国家的人民才最有发言权。[Chinese]

On Weibo, netizens quickly took Xi to task, noting that they have little say in China's development. No matter how small or uncomfortable the "shoe," ordinary Chinese can't ask for one that truly fits. Commentator Wuyue Sanren wrote:

Wuyuesanren (@五岳散人): My take on the shoe-and-foot question: Whoever buys the shoes has the last word. The common people pay taxes, so they have the right to say whether or not the shoe fits, as well as the style they want. A well-chosen pair of shoes also comes with a warranty and the privilege to exchange or return the items. The shoes themselves don't have the qualifications to say whether they fit or not. Shoes that do aren't shoes, they're shackles.

关于鞋与脚的问题我是这么想的:谁花钱买鞋谁说了算,老百姓纳税了,有权表达鞋是不是合脚,以及鞋子的款式。选好了鞋子还要有三包服务,也要有退换货的权利。鞋子本身没有说自己是不是合脚的资格,有这个资格的不是鞋子,往往都是脚镣 (March 25, 2013) [Chinese]

Photoshopped images and cartoons of tattered shoes appeared on Weibo and other social media sites soon after the speech.

Over time, "fitting shoe" has been verbalized to "shoe-fit," an alternate writing of "harmonize," itself a euphemism for censorship. For instance, a photo of an income receipt for a retired cadre is accompanied by these words:

JohnnieWalker_qiangneiban (@JohnnieWalker_墙内版): #FromG+ From Weibo. It's already been shoe-fitted.

#FromG+# 来自微博,已被合鞋。(August 20, 2015) [Chinese]

See also river crab.