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|−|大中华局域网 (Dà Zhōnghuá Júyùwǎng ): Great Chinese LAN |+|
Dà Zhōnghuá Júyùwǎng
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computerscope. jpg| 250px|thumb| left]]A local area network (LAN) is a computer network covering a small physical area, like a home, office, or small groups of buildings. The “Great Chinese LAN” sarcastically refers to the Internet as it exists in China. |+|
[[File:.||thumb|(LAN), of the in China.
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|−|Over the years, as it became apparent that the Internet was a space in which people could freely exchange ideas, the Chinese government asked several software companies, including Nortel, Cisco, and Sun Microsystems, to build a virtual “wall.” The result was the Golden Shield Project, known to most Chinese netizens as the [[Great Firewall of China]]. |+|
, a in the and , a to the .
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|−|In addition to censoring content deemed sensitive, the Great Firewall blocks entire websites, including [http:// chinadigitaltimes. net/ 2009/ 03/youtube-blocked-in-china-official-says-video-fake/ YouTube], [http:// chinadigitaltimes. net/2009/ 06/ chinese-censors-cut-off-twitter-hotmail-and-flickr/ Twitter], and [http:// chinadigitaltimes. net/2009/08/ the-battle-to-scale-the-great-firewall-of-china/ Facebook], that have been or could be used by activists and dissidents to connect, spread information, and organize protests. |+|
to , , [http://.//], [http://.//], and [http://.//] , , and .
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|−|As a result, Chinese-based companies such as [ http://www.youku.com Youku] , [http://www.weibo.com Sina Weibo] , and [ http://www.renren.com RenRen] have grown in the space left by those blocked websites, providing similar services, but with harsher censorship measures and surveillance. The landscape of the Chinese Internet has therefore become much like a LAN, with China’s netizens restricted for the most part to China -based, government-regulated websites and barred from many international platforms. |+|
] and [of China.
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Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]] |+|
Dà Zhōnghuá Júyùwǎng 大中华局域网
"Warning LAN party ongoing" (Source: Ubisoft)
The filtered, monitored version of the internet available in China.
A local area network (LAN) is a computer network covering a small geographic area, like a home, office, or university campus. Computers in the LAN can share files and other information, as well as a connection out to the internet. A network administrator oversees activity.
Similarly, the internet in China operates in many ways separately from the rest of the world, with internal content and access to the wider global internet carefully managed. Major services like Twitter, Facebook, and Google are blocked, while home-grown services such as Weibo, Renren, and Baidu take their place. These Chinese web services monitor, filter, and censor content at the behest of the Chinese government.
See also Chinternet and Great Firewall of China.
Leidigagaxiaohaha (@雷帝gaga笑哈哈): When Google was blocked the idiots said we have Baidu, and Google has “wheels”* and should be blocked. Then when Google Scholar, Dropbox, and Gmail were blocked—tools which the global scientific community depend on—the idiots told us to spend a little on a VPN and quit whining. Now all the VPNs are dead, but don’t worry, the idiots always have something to say. In the future, the Great Chinese LAN will be more restricted than you can imagine, and the pile of censored content will only grow, because the Party takes care of everything that doesn’t obey its rules. (January 26, 2015)
*A reference to Falun Gong, literally “Dharma Wheel Practice.”