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Great Firewall

From China Digital Space

Revision as of 18:20, 7 June 2013 by LizCarter (talk | contribs)
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GFW: Great Firewall of China

Great wall 2.jpg

The “Great Firewall,” or GFW, is the nickname Chinese netizens have given to the Chinese government's system for blocking certain online content from view in mainland China. A firewall is any mechanism which controls Internet traffic. Like its namesake, the Great Wall, the Great Firewall was built to keep unwanted foreign influences out of China. The result is a balkanized Internet within China, known as the Chinternet or Great Chinese LAN.

Chinese netizens who wish to access blocked content can attempt to scale the wall, using software to mask their IP addresses and thus circumvent the censorship.

The “Father of the Great Firewall,” Fang Binxing, is one of China’s most ignoble Internet personalities. Fang openly admitted to using six virtual private networks (VPNs) to bypass the censorship apparatus that he himself engineered.