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帝都 (dì dū): imperial capital
 
帝都 (dì dū): imperial capital
  
[[File:帝都.jpg|500px|thumb|center|''The imperial capital.'']]
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[[File:帝都.jpg|250px|thumb|right|''The imperial capital in 2012. ([https://www.flickr.com/photos/luther418/8514994016/in/photolist-dYrz4E-c3R7nm-c3R53m-c3QYqj-dYB3MK-e2Bn89-e2Bnbq-dZoa2v-e2BmYN-dYQajk-e2fotX-dYQakX-e1xjpC-dYsDY3-e2frS6-dZFgvB-e1dgvv-e3mgzS-fQ7LrZ-dY5tSz-dZWNEH-dYmXwM-e1rDKr-dYmXsc-e13v9J-dYsEdq-e1dgxn-e13uJd-e1rDmM-e5DcmE-e36TbC-e1rD42-e1rE5H-fQpjZj-fQ7Lbp-fQpkj5-fQpkbQ-bBNRXz-e1iWtC-e2vJez-e5xyFa-e2SQQG-e5Dd1y-e5xyC6-e1iWxU-e2Bn33-e2vJ5g-e5xyY8-fEdYHU-aT4MhZ Yong . L])'']]
  
Nickname for Beijing. Formerly, “imperial capital” was used [http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%B8%9D%E9%83%BD in reference to the capitals of imperialist countries] [zh], but as countries have ceased to proclaim themselves empires, the phrase “imperial capital” has become synonymous with a nation’s capital. Beijing’s nickname of “imperial capital” is often contrasted with an Internet nickname for Shanghai, 魔都 (mó dū), which means “devil/monster capital.
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Beijing. Often contrasted with the Demon Capital (魔都 mó dū), i.e. [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/shanghai/ Shanghai].
  
The use of “imperial capital” to mean Beijing has increased as Internet users have come to rely more and more on code words, homonyms, and creatively indirect references to avoid and circumvent censorship. Words like [[grass-mud horse]], [[river crab]], and [[national treasure]] all originated in this way.  
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The use of “imperial capital” to mean Beijing has increased as Internet users have come to rely more and more on code words, homonyms, and creatively indirect references to avoid and circumvent censorship.  
  
While such semantic wordplay originally served a purely pragmatic purpose, it has become an ingrained part of some forms of the written Chinese language, with even very common words sometimes replaced by close homonyms; for example, “what” 什么 (shénme) is sometimes replaced by “mystical horse” 神马 (shén mǎ). Instances of such wordplay seem innocuous, but are part of a larger practice that is semantically subversive.
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<feed url="feed://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/beijing/feed/" entries="5">
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== [{PERMALINK} {TITLE}] ==
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'''{DATE}, by {AUTHOR}'''
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</feed>
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[[Category: Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]]

Revision as of 17:41, 26 August 2014

帝都 (dì dū): imperial capital

The imperial capital in 2012. (Yong . L)

Beijing. Often contrasted with the Demon Capital (魔都 mó dū), i.e. Shanghai.

The use of “imperial capital” to mean Beijing has increased as Internet users have come to rely more and more on code words, homonyms, and creatively indirect references to avoid and circumvent censorship.