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暂住 (zàn zhù): temporary residence
 
暂住 (zàn zhù): temporary residence
  
The state of “temporary residence” refers to permission that some Chinese must obtain to work or live in [http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-cn/%E6%9A%82%E4%BD%8F%E5%88%B6%E5%BA%A6 21 cities in China]. Those in the cities without a temporary residence permit may be fined or deported. While the disparity in development between China's countryside and urban areas has made it [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2010/09/booming-china-migrant-misery/ economically necessary for many rural residents] to live as temporary residents in large cities, the permit system prevents them from enjoying the same privileges and rights as those originally from the cities.
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[[File:temp res.jpg|250px|thumb|right|''Lining up at a Beijing police station in Beijing in 2008. The city stepped up its enforcement of temporary residence permits before the Olympics.'']]
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[[File:temp res cartoon1.jpg|250px|thumb|right|''Police officer weeding out people without the proper permit.'']]
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[[File:temp res cartoon.jpg|250px|thumb|right|''Runner #2 is chained to a post labeled “out-of-town residency.”'']]Permit those without the proper [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/hukou/ household registration] (户口 hùkǒu) must obtain to work or live in [http://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-cn/%E6%9A%82%E4%BD%8F%E5%88%B6%E5%BA%A6 21 cities in China] [zh], including the metropolises of Beijing, Shanghai, and Chongqing. Those in the cities without a temporary residence permit may be fined or deported.  
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While the disparity in development between China’s countryside and urban areas has made it [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2010/09/booming-china-migrant-misery/ economically necessary for many rural migrants] to live as temporary residents in large cities, the permit system prevents them from enjoying the same privileges and rights as those originally from the cities.
  
 
The temporary residence permits are of questionable legality because a similar national system of temporary residence permits has been abolished, and [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2006/12/temporary-residence-permit-system-illegal-guo-qiang/ many scholars find cities’ current systems of temporary residence permits to be unconstitutional]. However, notable among those cities that retain the system of temporary residence permits are Beijing and Shanghai, which claim the permits are necessary to impose order. Some cities have changed the name of the permits from “temporary residence permit” to “residence permit” while retaining the same basic system.
 
The temporary residence permits are of questionable legality because a similar national system of temporary residence permits has been abolished, and [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2006/12/temporary-residence-permit-system-illegal-guo-qiang/ many scholars find cities’ current systems of temporary residence permits to be unconstitutional]. However, notable among those cities that retain the system of temporary residence permits are Beijing and Shanghai, which claim the permits are necessary to impose order. Some cities have changed the name of the permits from “temporary residence permit” to “residence permit” while retaining the same basic system.
  
[[File:temp res.jpg|400px|thumb|left|''People lining up in front of a police station in Beijing in 2008. Before the Olympics, Beijing stepped up its enforcement of temporary residence permits.'']]
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Online, “temporary residence” is applied to all Chinese citizens. Without the right to own property, and with many [[demolish it|forced out of their homes]] for development, everyone and everything is impermanent:
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<blockquote>[http://www.weibo.com/1477749217/zAtV045nZ @空煜断锦]: We don’t have any land, houses, even [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2013/03/battle-continues-against-henans-tomb-razers/ cemeteries] that truly belong to us. We don’t have the right to choose how many children we have, to cross the border freely, or to speak freely. We don’t have the power to protect ourselves from unfair treatment. We aren’t citizens, we are denizens, renters with temporary residence on this piece of earth called China.</blockquote>
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<blockquote>我们没有真正属于自己的土地、房屋甚至墓地,没有生育权,没有出入境以及言论的自由,没有保护自己不受不公平待遇的能力,我们不是公民而是居民,我们是一群暂住在中国这片土地上的租客。</blockquote>
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<feed url="feed://chinadigitaltimes.net/china/hukou/feed/" entries="5">
  
[[File:temp res cartoon1.jpg|400px|thumb|left|''Police officer weeding out people without the necessary permit.'']]
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== [{PERMALINK} {TITLE}] ==
  
[[File:temp res cartoon.jpg|400px|thumb|left|''Runner #2 is chained to a post labeled “out-of-town residency.” The system of residency permits has been a hot topic of conversation in China and many calls have been made for its abolition. However, its supporters claim that it is necessary to prevent crime and overcrowding in the cities.'']]
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'''{DATE}, by {AUTHOR}'''
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</feed>
  
 
[[Category: Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]]
 
[[Category: Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]]

Revision as of 15:00, 11 June 2013

暂住 (zàn zhù): temporary residence

Lining up at a Beijing police station in Beijing in 2008. The city stepped up its enforcement of temporary residence permits before the Olympics.
Police officer weeding out people without the proper permit.
Runner #2 is chained to a post labeled “out-of-town residency.”

Permit those without the proper household registration (户口 hùkǒu) must obtain to work or live in 21 cities in China [zh], including the metropolises of Beijing, Shanghai, and Chongqing. Those in the cities without a temporary residence permit may be fined or deported.

While the disparity in development between China’s countryside and urban areas has made it economically necessary for many rural migrants to live as temporary residents in large cities, the permit system prevents them from enjoying the same privileges and rights as those originally from the cities.

The temporary residence permits are of questionable legality because a similar national system of temporary residence permits has been abolished, and many scholars find cities’ current systems of temporary residence permits to be unconstitutional. However, notable among those cities that retain the system of temporary residence permits are Beijing and Shanghai, which claim the permits are necessary to impose order. Some cities have changed the name of the permits from “temporary residence permit” to “residence permit” while retaining the same basic system.

Online, “temporary residence” is applied to all Chinese citizens. Without the right to own property, and with many forced out of their homes for development, everyone and everything is impermanent:

@空煜断锦: We don’t have any land, houses, even cemeteries that truly belong to us. We don’t have the right to choose how many children we have, to cross the border freely, or to speak freely. We don’t have the power to protect ourselves from unfair treatment. We aren’t citizens, we are denizens, renters with temporary residence on this piece of earth called China.

我们没有真正属于自己的土地、房屋甚至墓地,没有生育权,没有出入境以及言论的自由,没有保护自己不受不公平待遇的能力,我们不是公民而是居民,我们是一群暂住在中国这片土地上的租客。