From China Digital Space
Línbā Xiànzhǎng 淋巴县长Charter 08 (Língbā Xiànzhāng). Charter 08 is a manifesto promoting political reform and democratization in China, released on December 10, 2008. The document and its name are both inspired by Charter 77, written and signed by Czechoslovak dissidents in 1977, including future Czech President Václav Havel.
Initially signed by 350 Chinese intellectuals and human rights activists, Charter 08 has since been signed by more than 10,000 people worldwide. Liu Xiaobo was instrumental in drafting Charter 08 and gathering thousands of signatures. He was detained just before Charter 08 was released and sentenced on Christmas Day, 2009 to 11 years in prison for "inciting subversion of state power." Liu won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2010, but was never able to accept it in person. He died under custody on July 13, 2017.