There’s been a lot of talk recently about rape culture. For instance, we’ve got the NYPD catastrophe, DSK and Jamie Leigh Jones all circulating at the same time. In each of these cases, the woman’s character and credibility are being called into question. The problem is that women bare the burden of living in a society that expects men to act violently and to exert their power sexually. Women are responsible to take “proper” precautions to avoid this “natural” danger. Women cannot drink, because if they become intoxicated and are raped, no one will believe either that it happened at all or wasn’t consensual. They better watch what they wear, because high heels and a skirt above the knee would certainly send a message to sexually violent men that rape is welcome. Don’t be alone with a man, even if you’re simply cleaning his hotel room. That’s clearly an invitation. And for goodness sake, women should definitely not go into the military or work for a private defense company! Simply being there is akin to accepting unwanted sex. In fact, you sign a contract stating that you cannot go to court if a sexual assault happens.
最近有好多人在议论强奸文化。比如IMF前总裁卡恩(DSK)性侵门（译者注：【1】 迪亚洛在索菲特酒店套房为卡恩打扫房间时，卡恩对她说“你很漂亮”，随后不顾她的挣扎强行将她拖进卧室，整个过程中她一直在说：“请停下，我不想失去工作。”）， Jamie Leigh Jones案件等 （译者注：【2】Jones女士2005年在伊拉克，当时7名美国哈利波顿公司（Halliburton）KBR分公司的员工给她下药，残酷的集体强奸了她。当时她受伤非常严重，惨不忍睹，隆胸填充物也出现破裂，胸部肌肉被撕裂。KBR的反应就是把她锁在了一个只有一张床的运输集装箱中，并拒绝给她食物，水和医药治疗。她恢复意识后搜集取得的证据也神秘的不翼而飞。）这些案子里，女性受害者的人格和信誉都被人质疑。问题是女性生活在一个要求她们准备好男人会施暴会强奸她们的社会。女性被“理所当然”要求小心一点来避免这些“自然存在的”威胁。女人不应该喝酒，因为如果喝醉后被强奸的话，没人相信你被强奸了或者你根本就是自愿的。女人最好不要随便穿衣服，因为高跟鞋和高过膝盖的短裙一定会暗示那些蠢蠢欲动的男人我可以被强奸。不要和男人独处，即使你只是在帮他清理房间，要不然就是你自找的。天啊，女人更不应该去当兵，或者在什么私人国防公司工作！你在那儿就说明你想有一夜情。事实上你已经签了“就算你被强奸了，也不能去诉诸法律”的协议！
It is embedded in our minds that women invite rape. If a woman has the audacity to charge her rapist, she must prove that she did nothing to invoke it. And in this day and age, that ain’t easy. If you’ve got a sexual history, if you had a drink, if you got dressed up to go out, you might have just been looking for that rape. And somehow, even though we “know” that men are dangerous, sexual predators, we seem to doubt that the individual man on the stand actually is. So again, the finger is pointed at the woman.
So what in the world do we do about the fact that women are in such danger, and have little legal recourse? Stay inside? Always be with a male protector? Don’t have a career of our choosing? Perhaps this is what it’s really all about. If it’s too dangerous to have women out there on their own in the world, it would be better for everyone if we simply retreated back into the home, and gave up on the silly notion of equality or independence. It seems that rape culture is just another patriarchal defense mechanism. By victim blaming we create an environment where women’s choice to be out in the world, acting or behaving in a way that does not conform to or support the patriarchal order is given as the reason for their alleged misfortune. The goal (conscious or not) is to shame and scare women into “proper” behavior.
Here’s some food for thought. What would happen if a woman was in her home, baking cookies for her kids and an intruder came in and raped her. What then? I’m assuming public outrage and a conviction. The reason? The rapist was the one disrupting the patriarchal order.
By asserting dominance and fear through rape, perpetrators and victim-blamers are securing a patriarchal system where women are systematically oppressed by men. In this terroristic system, the fear alone is enough to limit women’s freedom. These fears are reinforced when a woman is harassed on the street or hears about an assault.
In the end, it all comes down to protecting a patriarchal order.
【2】：http://www.sinovision.net/news.php?act=details&news_id=121033 美国中文网：《 美国军队中女兵的最大威胁》