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老百姓

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百姓,字面意為一百個姓氏,今引申指一般平民,如「老百姓」、「平民百姓」。但古代為氏族社會,百姓實際上指氏族首領,即貴族。 在古代,百姓常用黔布(黑布)作為頭巾,故亦稱黔首;而又因著麻布衣裳,又稱布衣。百姓也稱為閭閻,出處為《史记·平准书》:「守闾阎者食粱肉,为吏者长子孙,居官者以为姓号。(维基百科老百姓)


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