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翻墙 (fān qiáng): scale the wall
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<h3>''fān qiáng'' 翻墙</h3>
  
[[File:fanqiang.jpg|240px|thumb|left|''Zola scales the wall.'' (''[http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2012/04/documentary-high-tech-low-life/ High Tech Low Life]'')]] The “wall” refers to the [[Great Firewall of China]] (GFW), a large-scale, highly complex censorship apparatus by which the Chinese government blocks certain foreign websites and information, preventing Chinese netizens from accessing them. The Internet as it exists within the Great Firewall is known as the [[Great Chinese LAN]] or the [[Chinternet]].  
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[[File:fanqiang.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Zola scales the wall.'' (''Source: [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2012/04/documentary-high-tech-low-life/ High Tech Low Life]'')]] Circumvent the [[Great Firewall of China]].  
  
Many Chinese [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2011/09/netizens-repond-is-there-any-way-to-get-on-facebook-from-china/ use software such as VPNs] to mask their IP addresses and access blocked sites. Authorities regularly work to [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2011/11/government-blocks-encrypted-tunnels-through-great-firewall-fang-binxing-talks-internet-sovereignty/ block the use of such software], however, making it harder for even tech-savvy netizens to scale the wall. Freegate, the name of a popular censorship circumvention tool, has been [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2012/06/sensitive-words-the-google-files/ blocked as a search term].
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The Internet as it exists within the Great Firewall is known as the [[Great Chinese LAN]] or the [[Chinternet]]. In an effort to escape from these limitations into the expanses of the World Wide Web, many Chinese [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2011/09/netizens-repond-is-there-any-way-to-get-on-facebook-from-china/ use software such as VPNs] to mask their IP addresses. However, authorities are constantly working to [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2011/11/government-blocks-encrypted-tunnels-through-great-firewall-fang-binxing-talks-internet-sovereignty/ block the use of such software], making it increasingly difficult even for tech-savvy netizens to scale the wall.  
  
To “scale the wall” was [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2010/01/southern-metropolis-weekly-top-10-neologisms-of-2009-part-ii/ listed among the Top 10 Neologisms of 2009] by the popular liberal newspaper the Southern Metropolis Weekly. The term came into use at that time as China began to block big-name foreign websites such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. The United States has [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2011/01/us-offers-30-million-to-scale-the-great-firewall/ funded programs] to help Chinese netizens scale the wall.
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One user explains on Weibo why it has become necessary for netizens to scale the wall:
  
[[Category: Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]]
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<blockquote>''Zuimosuifeng'' (@醉墨随风): Google is blocked, Yahoo is blocked and I can’t even find a server to get on foreign websites. Isn’t this what forces people to '''scale the wall'''!?</blockquote>
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<blockquote>
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Google不能用,Yahoo不能用,上个外网也找不到服务器,这是逼人'''翻墙'''的节奏吗!? [[http://www.weibo.com/2562769730/BgSvsmn9d '''Chinese''']]</blockquote>
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“Scale the wall” was [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2010/01/southern-metropolis-weekly-top-10-neologisms-of-2009-part-ii/ listed among the Top Ten Neologisms of 2009] by the popular liberal newspaper Southern Metropolis Weekly. The term came into use at that time as China began to block big-name foreign websites such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.
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See also [[China's Internet is open]].
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==China Digital Space Related Links===
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{{ #dpl: linksto = {{FULLPAGENAME}} }}
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[[Category:Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]][[Category:Censorship and Propaganda]][[Category:Resistance Discourse]]

Latest revision as of 00:18, 23 November 2019

fān qiáng 翻墙

Zola scales the wall. (Source: High Tech Low Life)

Circumvent the Great Firewall of China.

The Internet as it exists within the Great Firewall is known as the Great Chinese LAN or the Chinternet. In an effort to escape from these limitations into the expanses of the World Wide Web, many Chinese use software such as VPNs to mask their IP addresses. However, authorities are constantly working to block the use of such software, making it increasingly difficult even for tech-savvy netizens to scale the wall.

One user explains on Weibo why it has become necessary for netizens to scale the wall:

Zuimosuifeng (@醉墨随风): Google is blocked, Yahoo is blocked and I can’t even find a server to get on foreign websites. Isn’t this what forces people to scale the wall!?

Google不能用,Yahoo不能用,上个外网也找不到服务器,这是逼人翻墙的节奏吗!? [Chinese]

“Scale the wall” was listed among the Top Ten Neologisms of 2009 by the popular liberal newspaper Southern Metropolis Weekly. The term came into use at that time as China began to block big-name foreign websites such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.

See also China's Internet is open.

China Digital Space Related Links=