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Father of the Great Firewall

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GFW zhī fù GFW之父

Voodoo doll Fang Binxing. (source unknown)
Fang Binxing, main architect of the Great Firewall of China.

Fang Binxing played a key role in the development of the "Great Firewall," the national internet filter that blocks certain foreign websites and webpages from the view of Chinese netizens. (Netizens usually abbreviate "Great Firewall" as "GFW.") Angry internet users have thrown eggs and shoes at Fang. When he opened a Weibo account in 2010, Fang was "welcomed" with a stream of curses. "Fuck you 404 times," one user wrote.

The "Father of the GFW" himself has admitted to using VPNs to circumvent the very filter he created. Fang even found himself forced to scale the wall while giving a lecture at the Harbin Institute of Technology in April 2016.

Fang stepped down as president of the Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications in 2013 due to illness, though he continues his involvement in China's internet control. In March 2016 he was elected as head of the newly formed Cyber Security Association of China, an industry group whose members include China's biggest internet and telecom companies.

"Father of the GFW" is blocked from Weibo search results as of April 28, 2016.

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