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|−|五月三十五日 (wǔ yuè sān shí wǔ rì ): The Thirty-Fifth of May |+|
wǔ yuè rì
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|−|In China, important dates are usually referred to by the date on which they occurred. Thus, the Tiananmen Square Incident is usually referred to in Chinese as the “June 4th Incident” or simply as “June 4th” or “six, four. ” However, June 4th is a [[sensitive word]] that alerts web censors, so netizens sometimes use the word “May 35” to refer to the Tiananmen Square Incident. |+|
, the date on .the is referred to as 4thor simply , .[[sensitive ]] that web censors, netizens the the .
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|−|For example, in the run-up to the 20th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre, the following essays quietly circulated in the Chinese blogosphere. [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/ 2009/ 06/personal-history-a-june-deserter/ This one] is written by an anonymous author calling himself Deserter. [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2009/06/the-adventures-of-an-average-city-dweller/ Another one] is a Kafkaesque story about a visit to Tiananmen Square on June 4th, 2009, written by a blogger using the name 十七只猫和鱼 (Seventeen Cats and Fish), who codes key phrases (“something something square,” etc) in order to bypass censors. |+|
the run-up to the 20th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre, [http://chinadigitaltimes.net//] [http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2009/06/the-adventures-of-an-average-city-dweller/ ] on the and to .
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|−|See CDT's [ http://chinadigitaltimes.net/ china/ 1989- 20- years/ retrospective look at June 4th]. |+|
[://chinadigitaltimes.net//--/ ] .
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File: tiananmen. jpg|400px|thumb|left|]] |+|
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Grass-Mud Horse Lexicon]] |+|
wǔ yuè sānshíwǔ rì 五月三十五日
Code for June 4, 1989, the date of the crackdown on pro-democracy protests around Tiananmen Square. (The military operation began late on the night of June 3.) Ordinarily the event is referred to as "June 4th," or simply "Six-Four" (Liùsì 六四), and often written "64." Since these terms are all sensitive words that alert web censors, netizens came up with a new way to mark the date, writing instead about the “Thirty-Fifth of May.”
In the run-up to the 20th anniversary of the Tiananmen Massacre, blog posts by "Deserter" and "17 Cats and Fish" reflected boldly on the time and place. "17" bypassed censors with references to "Something Something Square."
Novelist Yu Hua described the "spirit of May 35th"—in essence grass-mud horsism—in a 2011 essay for the New York Times.
As the censors catch on to code words for Tiananmen, netizens must find more and more veiled terms. In June 2013, even the number 35 was blocked from search results on Weibo. May Thirty-Fifth was also blocked in late May 2014.
Ahead of the 25th anniversary of the 1989 protest movement in June 2014, Chinese netizens woke to find that Google and its other services have been blocked and made inaccessible to users:
@so_stanley: As the Thirty-Fifth of May draws near, even Google has been banned. I still need it for a final that I have yet to take. Fu*k. (June 2, 2014)