From Center for Strategic & International Studies website:
… The possible evolution of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in China from localized high-prevalence populations to a more widespread, generalized epidemic poses a critical question for which there have been few good answers. China’s national surveillance system does not adequately scrutinize the general population for HIV, and the Chinese government’s responsiveness to the epidemic, while improving, still lags, especially with respect to certain at-risk populations. This has led some observers to speculate about the long-term spread and impact of the disease.
The challenge of determining the true impact of HIV within the general population in China has been the lack of a reliable, comprehensive surveillance and reporting system, coupled with the lack of an effective referral chain within the Chinese healthcare system. However, over the past few years, more information has become available about specific, at-risk populations. Likewise, the national surveillance system is expanding every year. [Full Text]