Zakaria: Why America and China Must Hang Together
For weeks the world has eagerly awaited word from the Obama transition team about the people who will head up the next American administration-the new secretaries of state and Treasury, the attorney general. But one of the more crucial positions in the Obama administration probably isn’t going to be filled for months and will likely get little attention when it is-the post of U.S. ambassador to China.
Everyone knows that China is a major power and our representation there is important. But right now, we need Beijing like never before. China is the key to America getting through the worsening economic crisis. The American ambassador in Beijing (OK, this is a metaphor for all those officials who will be managing this relationship) will need to make sure that China sees its interests as aligned with America’s. Or else things could get very, very ugly.
There is a consensus forming that Washington needs to spend its way out of this recession, to ensure that it doesn’t turn into a depression. Economists of both the left and right agree that a massive fiscal stimulus is needed and that for now, we shouldn’t be worrying about deficits. But in order to run up these deficits-which could total somewhere between $1 trillion and $1.5 trillion, or between 7 and 11 percent of GDP-someone has to buy American debt. And the only country that has the cash to do so is China.
In September, Beijing became America’s largest foreign creditor, surpassing Japan, which no longer buys large amounts of American Treasury notes. In fact, though the Treasury Department does not keep records of American bondholders, it is virtually certain that, holding 10 percent of all U.S. public debt, the government of the People’s Republic of China has become Washington’s largest creditor, foreign or domestic. It is America’s banker.