Abstract: Literature suggests two distinct paths to stock market development: an approach based on legal protections for investors, and an approach based on self-regulation of listed companies by stock exchanges. This paper traces China’s attempts to pursue both approaches, while focusing on the role of the stock exchanges as regulators. Specifically, the paper examines a fascinating but unstudied aspect of Chinese securities regulation, namely, public criticism of listed companies by the Shanghai and Shenzhen exchanges. Based on both event study methodology and extensive interviews of market actors, we find that the criticisms have significant effects on listed companies and their executives. We evaluate the role of public criticisms in China’s evolving scheme of securities regulation, contributing to several strands of research on the role of the media in corporate governance, the use of shaming sanctions in corporate governance, and the importance of informal mechanisms in supporting China’s economic growth. [Full Text]
Benjamin L. Liebman is Associate Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Chinese Legal Studies, Columbia Law School. Curtis J. Milhaupt is Fuyo Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Japanese Legal Studies, Columbia Law School.