In Mongolia, anti-Chinese sentiment has taken a nasty turn. The ultra-nationalist group Blue Mongolia, for example, shaves the heads of women caught sleeping with Chinese men. “It is for their own good,” says Gansuren Damdinsuren, a Blue Mongolia board member. “A small nation can only survive by keeping its blood pure.”
Mr. Gansuren claims Blue Mongolia has more than 2,000 members, not a small number in a nation of just 2.8 million. Even more alarming, Mr. Gansuren says his group is not adverse to violence. In an interview last summer, he told me his organization is training a fighting force for close combat, and that the group has access to weapons.