The writer Bo Yang, known for his criticisms of Chinese nationalists and communists, died this morning at Cardinal Tien Hospital in Hsintien (Taipei). He was 88 years old, and had been hospitalised for pneumonia since last February.
His original name was Guo Libang, which he later changed to Guo Yidong, possibly in order to distance himself from his family. He was born in Kaifeng (Henan) in 1920. In 1949, when Mao Zedong came to power, he fled from Taiwan. In 1960, using the pseudonym Bo Yang, he began to write essays and articles aimed against the dictatorship instituted by Chiang Kai-shek, which was passed on to his son Chiang Chin-kuo. In 1968, he was imprisoned for eight years and branded a “communist spy”: he had produced free translations of the cartoon Popeye to criticise the lack of presidential elections on the island.