Thirty Years of China’s One-child Policy

On the 30th anniversary of its implementation, The Telegraph looks at how the has impacted Chinese families:

When China introduced its drastic controls, officials promised that it would lift them after 30 years – an anniversary which falls this weekend. Aware of the resentment the would cause, the government said it was a temporary measure in response to China’s high and food scarcity.

…With only to care for, parents have been able to save more money, enabling banks to make the loans that have funded China’s huge investments in infrastructure.

Meanwhile, officials claim the policy has conserved food and and allowed each child better education and healthcare.

…The government believes the policy has prevented 400 million , which would otherwise have stretched the of China, and the world, to breaking point.

Critics, however, say it has created a rapidly ageing society, with each only child having to care for two parents and four grandparents. In 2009, almost 13 per cent of China’s population was over 60 and the share is growing rapidly. Meanwhile, a preference in Chinese families for boys over girls has created a surplus of 24 million men who will not be able to find a wife to marry.

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