Males Preferred: Chinese Women in Journalism
In their annual report “Attacks on the Press,” the Committee to Protect Journalists focuses on “gender and media freedom worldwide.” In one chapter, Yaqiu Wang writes about gender discrimination in the field of journalism in China, noting both unequal opportunities for advancement and stereotypes of both women and men that hinder female reporters’ careers:
The question is: Why do so many women with journalism degrees not become working journalists? The answer may have something to do with those divergent approaches to the role of gender in journalism.
China’s press environment is notoriously stifling, with frequent government interference and stringent government control. Female journalists face additional cultural and political barriers. Within the realm of allowed topics, some journalists have been able to publish important work and receive recognition, but most of them are men. Many of the journalists who offered their input on the topic believe the barriers women journalists face, including gender discrimination in hiring, are part of the reason there has not been a greater increase in the number of female journalists despite the growing number of female journalism graduates.
[…] There has likewise been resistance to career advancement for female journalists. A 2013 survey of more than 600 female journalists in Shanghai found that 60 percent believed women are discriminated against when being considered for promotions. A 2011 survey conducted by the International Women’s Media Foundation found that women held only 7.7 percent of top-level management positions in Chinese news companies.
“The distrust in women’s ability to lead is deeply rooted,” said Li Sipan, who is also a women’s rights advocate. “I have a good friend who was a key editorial member in a fashion and lifestyle media company. She used to be annoyed by my feminist theories. One time, her company was going to publish a new magazine. She thought, given her expertise and experience, she would be selected to lead the magazine. But instead of choosing her to be the editor-in-chief, the company leadership brought in a man who clearly had less aptitude than her to be her boss. She told me that at that moment, she suddenly realized what gender discrimination is and what a glass ceiling is.” [Source]
Wang’s report is also available in Chinese.
In 2014, Yinan Che wrote for projourno.org that women are increasingly working in the traditionally male-dominated field of business journalism, but are still facing many obstacles.