Minitrue: US Economist’s Advice to CCP

The following  instructions, issued to the media by government authorities, have been leaked and distributed online. Chinese journalists and bloggers often refer to these as “Directives from the .”

State Council Information Office: All websites in all regions are to delete the Phoenix article “Foreign Media: Central Government Approves Reform Plan Drafted by Liu He with Help of Nobel Winner” and related content. (February 21, 2014)


The article has been removed from the Phoenix website. Liu He is a senior economic advisor to Xi Jinping.

Michael Spence, who won the Nobel Prize for economics in 2001, has been advising the Chinese government on its growth model. From the New York Times:

In recent years, Mr. Spence has become something of an expert on the Chinese economy after being invited by Beijing, along with Edwin Lim, a former chief World Bank representative in China, to put together an unaffiliated advisory group, supported by the Cairncross Economic Research Foundation. The group has met intensively with the Chinese government’s key planning and economic officials and conducted what those officials have called an unprecedented study of China’s development challenge.

…an export-led strategy no longer can rely on nearly insatiable demand from the United States, as the Asian Tigers could through the end of the 20th century. Stagnant economies in Europe and Japan limit global demand even more. China therefore faces unusually harsh pressures to increase the buying power of its own consumers if it wants to make the leap to a truly prosperous nation.

This is a fairly conventional Western view of the Chinese economy. But what was surprising is that it was a central theme of the no-nonsense 2011 report prepared under Mr. Lim and Mr. Spence — and that Beijing published it not just in English but in Chinese for domestic consumption. Further discussions in 2013 helped Liu He, a top economic adviser to President Xi Jinping, and his colleagues formulate major reforms approved at a Communist Party plenum in November. [Source]

CDT collects these directives from a variety of sources and checks them against official Chinese media reports to confirm their implementation.

Since directives are sometimes communicated orally to journalists and editors, who then leak them online, the wording published here may not be exact. The original publication date on CDT Chinese is noted after the directives; the date given may indicate when the directive was leaked, rather than when it was issued. CDT does its utmost to verify dates and wording, but also takes precautions to protect the source.

MiniTrue 真理部