Opportunities in China Lure Scientists Home

The Washington Post reports on scientists who are giving up prestigious positions in the U.S. to return to China, where they are provided with elite positions and abundant funding for their :

Lured by grants, tax breaks, looser regulations and a scientific environment more open to certain types of experiments, China’s long-lost scientists are coming back in droves. As the NIH and other U.S. research institutes complain about the tightening of in the nation’s scientific budget, China has announced that will double its research-and- by 2010, to about $69 billion.

The returning scientists are reversing a trend that began in 1978, when Communist China first allowed students to go abroad. It used to be that when they left, they left for good. But in recent years, more than 275,000 have come back.

Many of these “ turtles,” as they are known, have returned with doctorates in or engineering and are going to the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the government-affiliated research institute, where 81 percent of the members are returnees. Fifty thousand of the returnees are starting their own , according to China’s Ministry of Education, pushing the boundaries of and of what’s acceptable in medical science.

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