Zhejiang Police’s Internal Document: Controlling the Movements of Critical Persons
The following document was co-written in March 2010 by the Zhejiang Public Security Bureau and the Zhejiang Department of Public Health as an internal document to detail the process by which certain categories of citizens, including Falun Gong members, petitioners, and “rights defenders”, are monitored and tracked down. This internal document was accidentally released on the computer network of Zhejiang PSB and made public. It is now circulating in Chinese cyberspace and microblogs.
Zhejiang Province Public Security Bureau Work Protocols on Controlling the Movements of Critical Persons (Trial Version)
Time: March 2, 2010, 7:39 a.m. Source: Zhejiang Province Anti-drug Force
Editor’s note: Departments of the public security bureau at all levels must be united and practical in their approach to collecting and recording ground level information from local hotels, temporary residences, internet cafes, and motorized vehicles. [They must] closely monitor internet systems that gather tips and control [people’s actions]. [They must be practical and united in their approach to] disseminating police information, [their approach to] handling things, analyzing and reporting findings from feedback on situations, and establishing appropriate assessment mechanisms. Those work units that excel in their work of collecting and recording ground level information in a timely manner; receiving, controlling [critical persons]; and providing feedback, etc., will be praised by way of reports. Those [work units] that do not collect and record ground level information in a timely and accurate manner and those that lag behind in receiving, controlling [critical persons] and providing feedback will be criticized by way of report. Those that manufacture information making it impossible to timely evaluate and control [critical persons], and those that perform their duties of receiving, controlling [critical persons], and providing feedback in a perfunctory manner, thus hindering battle operations, will be sternly pursued.
Chapter One: General Provisions
Article 1: In order to thoroughly implement the establishment of integrated intelligence platforms at the department, provincial and city levels; [in order to] implement the work of controlling the movements of critical persons including those involved in terrorism, those involved in [creating social] instability, those involved in drug [trafficking], those who are fleeing [the government], those who have committed serious crimes in the past, mentally ill people who cause disturbances and disasters, and critical persons who petition higher levels of government (hereinafter, the “Seven Categories of Critical Persons”); [in order to] “report to the police when they come, trace their path when they move, know their location when they depart, and control them during their entire journey;” [in order to] increase prevention, strike at illegal criminal behavior and protect the ability to [have] a stable society; this regulation is hereby promulgated.
Article 2: [The work of] controlling the movement of critical persons can divided between routine control and provisional control.
Article 3: The information needed to control the movements of critical persons includes foundational information and information on movements. Foundational information concerns information concerning the identity of critical persons and related background information. Information on movement follows the path of critical persons’ influence in social activities.
Chapter Two: Routine Control
Article 4: Routine control refers to the public security bureau on the national, provincial and city levels providing an intelligence platform to discover, throughout the nation, the precise location of people who belong to the “Seven Categories of Critical Persons,” controlling their movements, investigating their background and experiences, judging the lawfulness of their activities, and other such ordinary measures for controlling the movements [of people].
Article 5: The basic classification of the “Seven Categories of Critical Persons:”
Persons involved in terrorism are classified as to whether they are international terrorists or whether they are Chinese critical persons involved in terrorism.
Persons involved in [creating social] instability are classified as to whether they are Domestic Security Department critical persons, critical persons involved with “Falun Gong” and other evil cults, critical persons involved in Xinjiang independence, Tibetan independence, or Taiwanese independence, or those critical persons involved in [anti-] Japanese activities or whether they are any manner of critical persons involved in “rights defense” [on behalf of] interested groups, etc.
Persons involved in drug [trafficking] are divided between those who use illegal drugs and those who have a history of manufacturing and selling illegal drugs. Based on the practical needs of our province, drug users are subdivided into two groups; category one drug users and other drug users. Category one drug users include: those who have undergone community drug rehabilitation programs but have not reported this during the designated time, those who are currently in community drug rehabilitation programs, those who have been placed in compulsory drug treatment programs (compulsory rehabilitation or rehabilitation conducted through reeducation by physical labor) and who do not continue to be monitored or controlled, and other drug users who have a history of using drugs within the last three years.
Persons who are fleeing [the government].
Persons who have committed serious crimes in the past can be categorized as; those who have committed serious violent crimes such as; murderers, robbers, rapists, kidnappers, arsonists, those who detonate explosives, and hijackers; those who are involved in criminal gangs; those who have a record of involvement with weapons and explosives; those have a record of trafficking women and children; those released from prison after completing their sentence for seriously harming someone; those who have committed crimes in other jurisdictions and those who conspire with others who have committed property crimes on at least two occasions; those who have a record of committing fraud via text messages and via the internet; those who have a record of committing economic crimes that affect the public such as pyramid marketing schemes and illegal diversion of public funds; those who have a record of committing financial fraud, money counterfeiting, and other serious economic crimes.
Mentally ill persons who cause disturbances and disasters are divided between mentally ill persons who cause disturbances and disasters, mentally ill persons who stir up small amounts of trouble, and mentally ill persons who have latent violent tendencies.
Critical persons who petition higher levels of government are divided between those who petition higher levels of government even after the incident is over, unusual petitioners, petitioners who have grave issues, petitioners who have infectious diseases, petitioners who are mentally ill, petitioners who belong to Falun Gong and other evil cults, petitioners who go to Beijing, and petitioners who petition in groups.
Article 6: Routine control is conducted through the Public Security Bureau on the national, provincial and city levels. These three intelligence platforms continually and automatically coordinate and crosscheck ground level information that has been compiled on critical persons. [This process] produces warning signals which are conveyed to the responsible local public security agency which will take appropriate measures to deal with [the situation].
Article 7: The intelligence platform of the Ministry of Public Security will crosscheck information concerning the Seven Categories of Critical Persons’ interactions with the nation’s banks, airports, and borders. Based upon the different classifications of the critical persons, [this information] will be conveyed separately to provincial public security agencies where the critical person has their domicile, court jurisdiction, [police] jurisdiction, or residence. The Internet System for Gathering Tips and Controlling [People’s Actions] (hereinafter, “Internet Tips and Control System”) of the Zhejiang Public Security Bureau Synthesized Applied Information Resource Platform will crosscheck and disseminate information concerning the Seven Categories of Critical Persons’ interactions with hotels, temporary populations and internet cafes.
Article 8: After the provincial level [Public Security Bureau] receives urgent police information from the intelligence platform of the Ministry of Public Security, the provincial level [Public Security Bureau] will use the “Internet Tips and Control System” to directly distribute this information down to the relevant city, county/district Public Security Bureau Command Center and the airport Public Security Bureau Command Center. [Using this information,] the command centers will, based upon jurisdiction and proximity, deploy ground level police stations or other responsible police unit to take care [of the situation]. The police unit that handles the situation will, in a specified time period, use the Internet Tips and Control System to record how the situation was handled. The provincial level [Public Security Bureau] will use this interface to timely report this information up to the Ministry of Public Security’s intelligence platform.
Information compiled from the “Internet Tips and Control System” will be directly disseminated to the relevant city, county (city, district) Public Security Bureau Control Center and Airport Public Security Bureau Control Center. [Using this information,] the command centers will, based upon jurisdiction and proximity, deploy ground level police stations or other responsible police unit to take care [of the situation].
The police unit that handles the situation will, in a specified time period, use the Internet Tips and Control System to record how the situation was handled. The provincial level [Public Security Bureau] will use this interface to timely report a summary of the situation that has been corroborated and handled to the Ministry of Public Security’s intelligence platform.
Article 9: Information about critical persons is classified as a “red warning,” “orange warning” or a “blue warning.”
Red warnings indicate a high level of danger, the nature of which is extremely urgent.
Orange warnings indicate a degree of danger, the nature of which is urgent.
Blue warnings indicate a typical degree [of danger].
Article 10: the color distinctions provide a foundation for classifying the dangerousness of critical persons and determining the degree of urgency needed in controlling [critical persons]. [The color distinctions] summarize and synthesize the actual situations of critical persons, and their temporal and physical locations.
Red warnings primarily apply to persons involved in terrorism and persons fleeing [the government].
Orange warnings primarily apply to people involved in [creating social] instability, to category one drug users, and to those who have a history of manufacturing and selling illegal drugs.
Blue warnings primarily apply to other drug users, those who have a criminal record of major crimes, mentally ill persons who cause disturbances and disasters, and critical persons who petition higher levels of government.
During major events, major holidays, sensitive dates, and other special [occasions] it may be necessary to at times raise the warning level as it applies to certain groups.
Article 11: In all locations, the deadline for receiving information concerning critical persons shall be: 15 minutes for [persons classified under a] red warning, 30 minutes [for persons classified under an] orange warning and 2 hours for [persons classified under] a blue warning. The deadline for first providing feedback on how the situation was handled shall be: 24 hours for [persons classified under a] red warning, 48 hours [for persons classified under an] orange warning and 72 hours for [persons classified under] a blue warning. After this period, upon discovering goals [of the critical persons] or other clues, [police units] must timely provide continued feedback.
Article 12: The basic content of feedback concerning critical persons should include; [date of] receiving the [information], what means were taken, and how the situation was handled.
Article 13: The unit responsible for dealing with critical persons should, based upon the various classifications of critical persons and apply such means as arresting, controlling, managing and verifying.