Speaking ahead of a key meeting of the ruling Communist Party, he said China would be led into a “blind alley” by copying Western political systems.
Mr Hu, in power since 2002, wants to ensure the Party’s legitimacy by making it more responsive to public needs and crack down on corruption.
But analysts say he has shown no interest in wider political reform.
The speech came a day before the Communist Party’s powerful Central Committee began its annual meeting in Beijing. ”