From Caijing Online:
According to an independent investigation, only 59 percent of Chinese villagers received contracts or certificates for land use-rights. This contrasts sharply with the 90 percent figure given by the Ministry of Agriculture.
The investigation, conducted jointly by the U.S. Rural Development Institute, Renmin University, and the Michigan State University, showed that in 17 major agricultural provinces only 47 percent of local villagers had secured certificates.
The lowest rate of certificate holders was in Guizhou Province, where only a little more than 10 percent had papers. The second lowest was in Heilongjiang Province, at less than 20 percent. Sichuan, Henan, Shaanxi, Heilongjiang followed subsequently.
The percent of contract holders was even less, totaling only 33 percent. Guangxi Province had the fewest at less than 10 percent. It was followed by Guizhou Province, with nearly 10 percent, and then Anhui, Yunnan, Fujian, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Shaanxi.